Why did the tribal lost faith in the judicial system introduced by the British in India? In what type of ownership of land did the tribal believe? Name one tribal movement under the British – Answered
a. No Faith of the Tribals:
The British tried to introduce rule of law in India.
This meant that everybody was equal in the eye of law.
Everybody was also to enjoy the same rights. But unfortunately this was not the case.
Instances are not very rare to show that the tribal, like the peasants, were denied justice.
The tribal justice was summary. It involved no cost.
But under the judicial system introduced by the British the tribal had to commute a long distance to reach the British Law Courts.
Besides, lawyers had to be paid. Even after all this it was not possible to get justice for the tribal.
For, if the complaint was against any of the agents of the British invariably the decision went in their favor, and not in favor of the tribal who lodged the complaint in the Court of Law.
b. Ownership of Land:
In the tribal’ view jungle is their ancestral home. It was their birth-place and cradle.
The tribal thus believed in community ownership. Individual ownership of land was unknown to the tribal.
c. A Tribal Rebellion:
The Santhal rebellion of 1855-56 under the leadership of Sidhu-Kanu was one of the earliest tribal movements under the British in India.