Who were the Utopian Socialists? What Kind of Society Did they Envisage?
Utopian socialists believed in the idea of cooperatives. Cooperatives were to replace capitalist enterprises. Cooperatives were to be associations of people who produced goods together and divided the profits according to the work done by the members.
However, there were differences among Utopian socialists as to how these cooperatives were to be built. Robert Owen suggested cooperatives be built on individual initiative.
Other socialists like Louis Blanc felt cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale through individual attention and demanded government initiative.