When did the English Company receive the grant of Diwani and what was their implication?


Recipient of the Diwani:

In the year 1765 Robert Clive on behalf of the English East India Company received the grant of Diwani from the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.



The implications of the grant of Diwani were that the Company now was authorized to collect revenues of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

Thus the treasury of Bengal came to be funny controlled by the English. And the revenues of Bengal could be gainfully utilized by the Company in its trade.

Further, with the help of the wealth of Bengal the English Company could establish political control over different native powers.

Policy of Expansionism:


The English East India Company from the very beginning desired to have political control over the country with ulterior motive of procuring wealth of India.

First, with the treasury of Bengal in their hand, after the acquisition of Diwani, the English Company was now bent on acquiring territories in India.

Second, another factor that led to the expansionist policy was the increased military strength of the English. Particularly, the British soldiers brought in India during the Anglo-French struggle immensely increased the military strength so much needed for the conquest of territories in India.

Third, the mutual rivalry among the native rulers provided the British the opportunity to undertake a policy of expansionism. Fourth, the imperialist policy of the British government also encouraged the English East India Company to pursue a policy of expansionism.

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