(i) In Dec. 1929, under the presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence.

(ii) It was declared that 26th Jan. 1930 would be celebrated as the independence day when people were to take a pledge to struggle for independence.

(iii) But the celebration attracted very little attention. So Mahatma Gandhi had to find a way to relate this abstract idea of freedom to more concrete issues of everyday life.