Kanishka is remembered for the patronage he had extended Buddhism. It was under his initiative that the fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundalban in Kashmir.

This Council sets certain controversial questions arising out of differences among t followers of Buddhism. The reign of Kanishka also saw the rise of

a new school of Buddhism called Mahayana or the Greater Vehicle Kanishaka also sent missionaries to China and Central Asia for the propagation of Mahayana school of Buddhist idea. The Kushan are also remembered for the introduction of new style in dresses. In fact, the Indians, particularly people of north-western India, learnt the use of turban, trousers, long coat, etc. from the Kushanas. In this respect reference may also be made of the very common picture of headless Kanishka in which he is dressed in long coat and trousers.