Short Essay on the Impact of Second World War and Quit India Movement in Feudatory States of India

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The outbreak of sec World War provided golden opportunity for the British authority and the feudatory chiefs to strengthen their hold over the States. All posssible measures were taken to supress the Praja Mandal Movement. Defence of India Rulers was invoked to arrest all suspected trouble mongers.

As a result of strong repressive measures the Praja Mandal Movement for some period became quiet. The call for “Quit India” by Indian National Congress once again aroused people of Feudatory States to action.

The Praja Mandal agitation became intense in Talcher and Dhenkanal. Besides the spark of revolution manifested in Nilgiri, Athgarh, Pallahara, Nayagarh and Mayurbhanj. Baishnaba Charan Pattnaik and seventeen others brought Murhi area of Kamakshyanagar subdivision under their control and founded popular administration for about two weeks.

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British forces ultimately reoccupied the area and in the process Baishnaba pattnaik received a bullet injury. In Talcher Pabitra Mohan Pradhan after his dramatic escape from the Talcher Jail on 31 August, 1942 organised resistance movement.

They were determined to capture the royal police and liquidate the vestige of the autocraticrule. The heroic effort of Pabrtra Mohan Pradhan did not match the serious solitary repression of British authority which provided all possible help to the chief of Talcher.

The Praja Mandal movement did not succed sice open revolt was impossible.Most of the prominent leaders of the Garjat either absconded and carried on some underground activities or were put behind the prison during the years from 1943 to 1945. The situation remained calm till the end of the Second World War.

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