It is clear from the above description that the autocracy of the old rulers was re-established in different states of Italy. These rulers proved themselves to be great reactionaries by abolishing all constitutions, traditions and institutions which had been established by Napoleon Bonaparte.

The king of Naples was a reactionary to an extreme degree. He destroyed the furniture of the royal palace which was purchased by Napoleon. He prohibited the use of those roads which were built by Napoleon.

Vaccination was also forbidden simply because Napoleon had introduced it. The same policy was adopted by the king of Piedmont, who was restored after a long period of fifteen years. He strictly prohibited the gas illumination which was also introduced by Napoleon.

The governor of Lombardy-Venetia adopted such policy as destroyed the trade of this state and considerably increased the trade of Austria.


The Inquisition Courts were again established. Education was handed over to Austrians. It was taught in the schools that Lombardy-Venetia was an integral part of the Austrian Empire.

The people of Italy were deeply aggrieved with the system of administration, political reorganisation and social structure of their states.

The reactionary system had been established in Italy in order to suppress the feelings of nationalism which had developed and grown in the times of Napoleon.

But the national awakening could not be fully suppressed. Better to say, the feelings of liberty, nationality and unity became more popular and powerful as a result of the system introduced by Vienna Congress.