What are the results of Bhakti Movement?

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The Bhakti Movement led to significant results. Firstly, it was as widespread religious upheaval. However, Kabir, Nanak and Chaitanya were its chief exponents; there were several other preachers to play part in it. Saints like Ramananda, Vallabhacharya, and Namadeva left large following. The movement covered all parts of India, north and south. Thus it developed and all-India base.

Secondly, the Bhakti Movement was not as movement of the wise few, but of the wider mass. It is said that after Buddhism, the Bhakti cult saw the next most popular religious awakening. Since it touched the people of all sections, its effect was lasting. The most ignorant could think of getting God by uttering His Name.

Thirdly, the movement supplied incentive of social reforms in Hindu society. The caste system became less rigid. Social differences got reduced. Hatred of man for man received a sever blow. A sense of social unity developed. Orthodox religious practices lost merit. Religious received as simpler form. Devotion gave an easier meaning to it.

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Fourthly, the distance between Islam and Hinduism got reduced. Instead of quarreling over outer things, Hindu and Muslims understood the inner meaning of their religions. While the Hindus paid respect to the Muslim Saints, the Muslims enjoyed the Hindu ceremonies. A new cult, famous as the cult of Satya Pir, appeared. It was founded by King Husain Shah of Jaunpur. Both Hindus and Muslims worshiped the Satya Pir. This kind of harmony and Hindu-Muslim unity prepared ground for as liberal political era under the great Mughals.

Finally, the Bhakti Movement resulted in as great literary wave. The preachers did not preach in Sanskrit, but in the mother tongues of the common people. Thus, everywhere local languages began to develop. New devotional books were written in local languages. Ramananda and Kabir preached and wrote in Hindi.Nanak and his followers taught and wrote in the Punjabi. Chaitanya disciples developed the Bengali literature. Similarly, other preachers wrote in Marathi, Maithali and Braja Bhasa, etc. the regional languages began to develop rapidly because of need for the Bhakti literature.

For all these reasons, the medieval Bhakti Movement forms as significant chapter of Indian history.

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