It was not possible to come out of the crisis that developed in the Kali Age mere by punishment. A new system was absolute necessary to deal with the emergent situation.
The new system that developed was to delegate the power of collecting revenue religious, civil and military personnel by making land-grants.
This was a new system, indeed, for previously land-grant was made on to Brahmins or religious places.
But under the new system land-grant was made to people belonging to civil and military service The new system may be called feudal-social system.