The Theosophical Society was established in 1875 by Madam H.P. Blavatsky and Cornel H. S. Alcott in New York in 1886. Its headquarters was shifted to Ayer in Madras.

The aim of this society was that all the religions are different forms of the ancient wisdom. So, the ultimate truth regarding god will be found only after going through all the religions of the world. It viewed that though religions are different; one Creator (God) has created them. God has also created different races with a view to develop different virtues in mankind. It preached the equality of man and woman because soul never distinguishes sex.

The society believes that whatever happens in the world, it happens according to the wishes of God. On its practical aspect, the Society advised people to listen to the teachings of saints and philosophers because they guide individuals in attaining salvation. Further, he told that an individual should attempt not only for his salvation but should also help others in achieving salvation.

The chief aim of the Theosophical Society in India was to establish the lost glory and honour of Hindu religion. Mrs. Annie Besant’s participation in the society galvanized its. Courses, A large number of educated Indians were attracted towards this society.


Mrs. Annie Besant became its President and worked for the upliftment of Indian mass. Later on, Ball Gangadhar Tilak joined her and both of them championed the cause of Home Rule Movement in India.