15 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on Nationalism in India

1. When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India from South Africa?

(a) 1913 (b) 1919

(c) 1915 (d) 1921


2. What did the Rowlatt Act, 1919 presume?

(a) Detention of political prisoners without trial

(b) Forced recruitment in the army

(c) Forced manual labour


(d) Equal pay for equal work

3. What did Mahatma Gandhi in his book, Hind Swaraj, declare?

(a) British ruled India because the latter was militarily weak

(b) British ruled India because Indians cooperated with them


(c) British ruled India because they got international support

(d) None of these

4. What did the term ‘picket’ refer to?

(a) Stealing from shops


(b) Import of goods

(c) Protest by blocking shop entrances

(d) Boycott of clothes and goods

5. Who led the peasants in Awadh?


(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Baba Ramchandra

(d) None of these


6. What did the term ‘begar’ mean?

(a) Payment of wages

(b) High rents demanded by landlords

(c) Labour without payment

(d) None of these

7. What was the effect of the Non-cooperation movement on the plantation workers in Assam?

(a) They left the plantations and headed home

(b) They went on strike

(c) They destroyed the plantations

(d) None of these

8. What was the main problem with the Simon Commission?

(a) It was an all British commission

(b) It was formed in Britain

(c) It was set up in response to the nationalist movement

(d) All of the above

9. Where was Gandhi’s ashram located?

(a) Dandi (b) Sabarmati

(c) Allahabad (d) Nagpur

10. What led to the Civil Disobedience Movement?

(a) Arrival of the Simon Commission

(b) Working at the firm without payments

(c) Violation of Salt Tax by Gandhi

(d) Fall in demand for agricultural goods

11. Who were the’Sanatanis’?

(a) Saints

(b) Dalits

(c) High-caste Hindus

(d) None of these

12. Who organised the dalits into the Depressed Classes Association?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru

(d) B.R. Ambedkar

13. What moved Abanindranath Tagore to paint the famous image of Bharat Mata?

(a) Civil Disobedience Movement

(b) Swadeshi Movement

(c) Quit India Movement

(d) All of these

14. Who wrote the ‘Vande Matram’?

(a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

(b) Rabindranath Tagore

(c) Abanindranath Tagore

(d) Sardar Vallabhai Patel

15. Who was Sir Mohammad Iqbal?

(a) Congress President

(b) President of the Muslim League, 1930

(c) Gandhiji’s devout disciple

(d) None of these

Answers for Multiple Choice Questions



2. (a)

3. (b) 4. (c) 5. (c)

6. (c)

7. (a)



9. (b)

10. (c) 11. (c) 12. (d)

13. (b)

14. (a)