The following are highly vulnerable to landslides and snow avalanches:
(a) Deforested mountains especially in areas of heavy rainfall or snow fall;
(b) Settlements (villages or hamlets) that are built on hill tops, steep slopes, softer soil;
(c) Settlements built at the base of hills, steep slopes, mountain valleys;
(d) Buildings with weak foundations; and
(e) Roads and communication lines in mountain areas.