Features of subsistence farming are as follows:

(a) It is practised by majority of the farmers in the country.

(b) It is characterised by small and scattered land holdings and use of primitive tools.

(c) The farmers do not use fertilisers and high yielding variety of seeds as they are poor.


(d) Electricity and irrigation facilities are not generally available to them which results in low productivity.

(e) Most of the food production is consumed by the farmers and their families.

(f) Where facilities like electricity and irrigation are available farming has improved.

(g) Important cash crops like sugarcane, oil seeds, cotton and jute are grown.


(h) Dry land farming is practised in areas where the rainfall is low and irrigation facilities are inadequate.land farming is practiced in high rainfall and irrigated areas.