The Indian soil, when compared with soil of any other country, is comparatively dry and requires adequate supply of water for the purpose of cultivation.
Indian soil has been divided into four categories: (i) Alluvial Soil; (ii) Red Soil; (iii) Black Soil; (iv) Laterite Soil.
Alluvial Soil: Is found in Punjab, U.P., Bihar and West Bengal.
Red Soil: Is found in Tamil Nadu, Mysore, some portions of West Bengal, U.P. and half of Rajasthan.
Black Soil: Covers Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Andhra. Cotton, wheat, linseed and gram are grown in this soil.
Laterite Soil: Is found in Madhya Pradesh and Assam etc.