Short Notes on Northern Plains of India

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Short Notes on Northern Plains of India

One of the most important physical divisions of India is the northern plain:

i. The Himalayan and the Peninsular Rivers have made up this vast undulating plain by depositing alluvial soil.

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ii. This plain is the result of the interplay of three major river systems. They are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmputra and their tributaries.

iii. The deposition of alluvium in a vast basin lying at the foot hills of the Himalayas over millions of years formed the most fertile plain in the world.

iv. It is spread over an area of 7 lakh s km. The plain is about 2400 km. long and 240 to 320 km. wide. It is the most densely populated physiographic division.

v. With a rich soil cover combined with adequate water supply and favourable climate it is agriculturally the most productive part of the country.

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vi. This plain has been the centre of human settlements from ancient times.

vii. Numerous large cities have evolved on the banks of the rivers.

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