Short Note on Biosphere Reserve

Biosphere reserves are the forests where flora and fauna of all types are conserved in their natural environment. The purposes of setting up of Bio-reserve are as under:

(i) To preserve wildland, its flora and fauna in their natural forms.

(ii) The surrounding zones will be utilised for research and development of forests and their products.


(iii) To utilise the peripheries for agricultural research and experimentation.

Biosphere reserves are fourteen in number in India as on March 31, 2006. Some of them are Nilgiri, Nanda Devi, Nokrek, Sunderbans and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.