India is the seventh largest country in the world. Our country is blessed with many natural resources. But all these resources cannot help our country unless they are tapped, handled and used in a planned way. This can be done only by the people. Man can develop the resources only when he is wise, healthy, educated and properly trained. Thus, the real resources of our country are its people. They are our human resources.
The total population of our country is now more than 100 cores. India is the second most populous country in the world, after China. Today, every seventh man in the world is an Indian. Our country’s population is increasing at a rapid rate. It has doubled over the last 45 years. This is the creating many problems.
Three out of every four Indians live in villages. They earn their living from farming, forestry, fishing and cattle rising. People are now leaving villages and coming to cities in search of work. This is putting a great pressure on the civil amenities and other facilities in cities.
The rapid rise in our population is creating many problems such as shortage of food, clothing, housing, health, education and employment. This has affected our standard of living. We can solve this problem if we have small families. If there were fewer people, we would be able to provide enough food, houses, clothes and jobs for almost everyone.
The living conditions of the people can be improved by providing enough food, better education and health conditions. We have achieved great deal since independence, but a lot remains to be done. If we want to make our human resources useful, we will have to improve the quality of our people.
The quality of its people is more important than their number for the development and progress of the country. With improvement in the quality of our human resources, we can make better use of our natural resources. We must all work to improve our own lives and the lives of those around us.