(i) Objectives of teaching a subject strongly influences the organization of curriculum and at the same time provides guidelines for the methods of approach. Objectives are usually governed by the needs of the young pupils and these are of two types:
(a) Those which can be satisfied by acquisition of ideas and skills and are known as short-term or subject- matter objectives;
(b) Those which are satisfied by matured thinking and acting. These are summed up under long-term objectives which function in an over all development of a person which may continue throughout life. In other words, long-term objectives mean continuation and expansion of ideas initiated in the elementary classes till the end of schooling.
The geography teacher is as much responsible for the achievement of these goals as teachers of art, science and mathematics. The subject-matter objectives are transitory and may be for specific purposes. It may be achieved in a particular lesson or in the course of an academic year, while the long-term objectives may be prolonged to the entire period of schooling. Geography teachers are in an advantageous position to develop this type of thinking by encouraging pupil’s participation in the learning process.
(ii) Geography broadens the mind and stimulates imagination with the information it gives keeping the aims of teaching of geography in view.
(iii) The objectives of teaching geography encourage travel to get first hand information. The knowledge so gained from travelling will help pupils to meet problems of everyday life.
(iv) Most of the problems are social in character and the knowledge of geography will give them training in solving problematic situations arising in their daily lives.
(v) The improvement of the lot of backward nations and profitable utilization of the increasing amount of leisure are some of the problems that the world faces today A student of geography might cultivate a sense of responsibility for such an objective to be realized.