Education is a bi-polar process in which one personality acts upon another in order to modify the development of that other. The process is conscious as well as deliberate one. The means by which the development of the educand is to be modified are two-fold: (a) the direct application of the educator’s personality to the personality of the educand, and (6 use of knowledge in the various forms. This is the view of John Adams.

In this sense, education becomes a shared activity. The children as well as the teacher both become active participants in the teaching-learning process. Ross observes in this context, “Like a magnet, education must have two poles.”

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