The Pakistan Movement is similar to the spirit of Islam. The War of Independence in 1857 was an announced declaration of the Muslim strength of revolution against the oppressing power of the British government and its stooges present in the Sub continent. Frustration, dearth of direction and planning lowered the rank of Muslims after the failure of this war. It was after this war that leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan emerged who became a guiding light for Muslims in India. Muslims were in distress and he said that education is power; he used this mantra to raise their spirits.

He added that Muslims could enhance their political, social and economic position only through the medium of modern, scientific education. In fact it was Sir Syed that created the concept of a separate Muslim state on the grounds of religion, culture and history. He encouraged the Muslims of the sub-continent to ask for a home nation where they could live their lives according to the Quran and the holy sunnah.

After the creation of the Indian national congress in 1885, the visionary Muslim leaders saw this move as a threat and warned Muslims of its dangers. Hence in 1906 the Muslim league was formed to challenge the Indian national congress. This is when the concept of two different states for Muslims and Hindus emerged. Many Maulanas supported this vision created initially by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and spread its ideas all around the sub-continent.

However it can be said that the most important contribution came from Dr. Mohammad Iqbal, the amazing philosopher and poet to the creation of Muslim nationalism. It was through his poetic and religious-philosophical works that the idea of Pakistan gained support. Islam in his philosophy is a form of national unity and includes all political beliefs. In the All India Muslim’s league’s session in Allahbad in 1930, Dr. Iqbal’s address represented the first conceptual idea for the establishment of an independent Islamic state in old India.


From 1937, it was the founder of Pakistan Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah that encouraged in the Muslim community the concept of Muslims uniting into a charismatic community; this synchronized their sense of power with the sense of a united community. As time passed the Quaid became a symbol for Muslim Nationalism in Human form. He was launched as the Quaid even before the initiation of the Pakistan Movement in March, 1940. Due to the continued stubbornness of the Indian national congress, it was in 1940 that the league formed the resolution on the 23rd march.

It was designed on the principal that areas in which the Muslims would be in Majority would be grouped together to create an independent state. After the difficult struggle by the Muslims, the British Parliament was forced to agree to the Indian Independence Act in 1947, leading to the creation of Pakistan on 14th August in 1947. It was on this historic day that Quaid-e-Azam addressed the first session of the Pakistan’s Constituent Assembly ad appreciated the services and sacrifices of all Muslims in the Sub continent in the creation of Pakistan.