Short essay on land reforms in India


After Independence, the social objective to equalize the distribution of wealth in India came in the form of land reforms so that poor rural farmers can be given land. The slogan to provide land to the tiller was to be materialized by government by policy. The Bhodan movement by Vinova Bhave had the aim of land reforms and constitutional laws in 9th schedule are related to its.

The government introduced land reform programs which included and aimed at

i. The elimination of intermediaries in agriculture.


ii. Introduction of Tenancy Reforms in such a way that tenants would get maximum benefits and exploitation can be removed.

iii. To determine the ceiling of holdings per family and the surplus land to be distributed among landless farmers.

iv. To consolidate the land holdings to introduce modern technological uses in them.

Further the land reeling laws were enforced in 1950 and 1960, in various states and then again modified by the directions of the central government in 1972.


The tenancy reforms included measures like, regulation of land rent, to provide secure. Tenure to confirm ownership on tenants.

Thought all these programmes were aimed at providing enough security and -had to farmers and To bring out them from the clutches of Zamindars.

But even after implementation of various laws pertaining to land reforms, tere is not desired result.

Some political reasons are responsible for this failure to provide prosperity to farmers. For example, states implemented the laws related to ceiling of land after some time passed and during that period, Zamindars and landlords transferred their land to their family members and could easily escape from the provisions and so in fact nothing coming in the hands of farmers and tillers.


Them, too, the programme had noble aim, which has given result to some extent and if had been implemented efficiently, would have successfully eradicated poverty.

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