Considering policy to be essential for accelerated growth of science and technology in India, the government of India introduced various policing in different period. First of all J.L. Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India moved in Parliament the Scientific Policy Resolution of 1958.

(i) The aim of this policy was to foster, promote and sustain the cultivation of science and scientific research.

(ii) To ensure an adequate supply of research scientists of high quality and to recognize their work as an important component of the strength of the nation.

(iii) To encourage and initiate all possible programmes for training of scientific and technical personal on adequate scale. Later on Technology Policy Statement, 1983, was introduced. The purpose of the statement was to give technological development as clear direction for the growth of indigenous technology and the acquisition of technology from outside. The principle aims of technology policy statement are as-


(i) To attain technological competence and self reliance, reduce vulnerability, particularly in strategic and critical areas, make the maximum use of indigenous resources.

(ii) To use traditional skills and capabilities and making them commercially competitive.

(iii) To ensure correct mix between mass production technologies and production by the masses.

(iv) To ensure maximum development with minimum capital outlay.


Further Rajiv Gandhi’s government introduced Technology Mission in 1985 as an offshoot of Seventh Plan. Launched in the fields of literacy, immunization, oilseeds, drinking water, dairy products and telecommunication with various aims, such as-

(i) To immunize all infants against six diseases.

(ii) To improve the availability of quality drinking water in rural areas

(iii) To improve milk production and rural employment.


(iv) To extend and improve the telecommunication network especially in rural areas.

(v) To make substantial improvement in functional literacy.

Another technology policy adopted in 1993 was Draft Technology Policy. This policy was designed to further strengthen the India economy and to assist the nation in fulfilling its role in the global economic environment.

This policy also emphasized on need to decentralize science and technology system in response to market and users and the role of users i.e. industries, agriculture for technology development stressed. This policy proposed incentives and rewards for Reach and Development as a carrier for exceptionally skilled technicians etc. This policy also brought out the role of industries in enhancing skills.


Apart from these policies, a New Science and Technology Plicy-2003 has been proposed. This policy outlines the approach to science and technology governance, optimal utilization of existing physical and knowledge resources, development of innovative technologies for mitigation and management of natural hazards generation and management of intellectual property and creation of awareness amongst general masses about the use and benefits of science and technology.

Thus, the various technological policies in India aims to spell out a framework to approach areas of emphasis, such as employment, energy, agriculture, dry land agriculture, technological infrastructure natural hazard management, but even then it failed to take off. However, the new policy has been framed keeping in view the idea of decentralization and the role of industries and to create abilities to respond to users and markets.