The replacement of Mughal tradition, Persian being the language of both Hindus and Muslims while Sanskrit and Arabic being the classical language of Hindus and Muslims respectively the non-Classical or vernacular language pravidian and Indo-Aryan having well developed poetical tradition by lacking rose literature by British with latter’s policy in favour of English education fostered important changes in all these language in some earlier than in others.

Since many dialects were intermixed in each of linguistic regions of India, where was no standard language and uniform script? Therefore in 1851, an Arabic Sindhi script which both Hindus and Muslims used was devised Khari g0ii, the dialect spoken around Delhi and Meerut that provided the base for the emergency of a standard language.

As the spread of English education deepen the impact of west on vernacular literature of India, the printed prose literature gathered momentum. It greatly influenced that vernacular literature. The literary forms prevailing in Victorian England, such as the novel or sonnet were adopted with great enthusiasm. A historian of Malyalam literature is of the opinion that all present forms and movements owe their origin to English literature.

The moulding of standard languages fostered language fostered the cultural leadership of the educated middle class and promoted political and social solidarity of dynamic nature under their direction. Paradoxically it also produced some special polarisation that increased the distance between new middle class and lower sections of population.


It later on also created polarisation along communal lives, that only split our language, but also our national life into two when the distinction between Hindu and Hindustani was sought to be made by Gilchrist-the head of department for teaching language of Fort William College.