In spite of various malaria eradication programmes, malaria is still the commonest disease seen is tropical countries. It is caused by infection due to a parasite called Plasmodium, which has several types causing respectively tertian, quartan, and subterlian malaria, Subsection malaria is the most severe and generally is fatal. Its chief symptoms are: –

(a) Recurrent high fever accompanied by severe rigors,

(b) Profuse sweating,

(c) Severe headache and, vomiting,


(d) In serious cases delirium is usually present,

(e) Enlargement of spleen. Management of Malaria

1. The malarial parasite is conveyed to man by a certain species of mosquito -anopheles which introduces the parasite into the blood when it bites. Its prevention is by means of proper drainage, or oiling the water to kill young mosquitoes. The aim is to control and eliminate their breeding areas.

Other measures arcs to use mosquito nets, mosquito repellents, are to avoid mosquito bite. Comoquin, paludrine, chloroquine are the common drugs against malaria. Amodiaquine therapy followed by a course of primaquine is given in the cases of malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax, which is a kind of benign tertian malaria.


2. D.D.T. sprays.

3. Quinine and its other preparations

4. Bed rest; keep the patient in a hygienic and well-ventilated room.

5. External application of mosquito repellant like Odomos etc. Use Goodnight and All Out at night.