The crime in which the computer is die target.

This includes such offences as theft of intellectual property, theft of marketing information or blackmail based on information gained from computerized files. These crimes cause sabotage of intellectual property, marketing, pricing, personal data and programmes with the intent to impede a business or create chaos in a business operations. There are many kinds of cyber crime such as computer targeted crime, hacking, pheraking etc.

Crime in which the computer is targeted, various important dates are stolen that may be related with intellectual property, marketing information, personnel data. In case of Hacking, a Hacker who is technically sophisticated computer user, who enjoys exploring computer system and programmers.

He also seeks to extend to the maximum his knowledge in this field. A hacker generally illegally introduced into computer systems and takes away valuable information relating to highly secrecy. Whereas phreaking is the action of pirating telephone networks. This is also related to computer hacking.


The parliament of India has passed the first cyber law, the Information Technology Act, 2000, which provides legal infrastructure for controlling the crime. The objective of this act is to provide legal recognition for transaction carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication such as electronic commerce which involves the use of electronic filling of documents with the government agencies.