The Dramatic Performances Act was passed in 1876. It was under the viceroyalty of Lord Lytton that the Act was passed.
The Act empowered the government to prohibit any dramatic performance that was likely to excite feelings of dissatisfaction towards the government.
The passing of the Act had as its background the performance of the two dramas. Sarat Sarojini and Surendra Binodini, both written by Upendranath Das were performed in a hall.
In these two dramas popular resentment against racial discrimination of the British had been projected.
Naturally the performance of the two dramas in the Great National Theatre created a great stir among the persons who witnessed the dramas. It was in this background that the Dramatic Performances Act was passed.