Champaran Satyagraha exposed Gandhi to the people at large. The peasants of the Champ ran district in Bihar who resorted to indigo plantations were oppressed by the Europeans.

Peasants of this district were forced by the European planters to cultivate indigo in or about 15% of their lands. They had no choice to sell the crop and the price was fixed by the European masters. Due to this, they became poor and wanted freedom from the clutch of their European masters.

The return of Gandhi from South Africa and his activities there were quite well known to the Indians. The peasants of Champ ran invited Gandhi. Gandhiji reached there with youth leaders like Rajendra Prasad, J. B. Kripalini, Mahadev Desai, Mazhar-up-Has and others. He demanded an inquiry into the plights and conditions of the poor peasants.

The British Government ordered Gandhi to leave Champaran but he was firm on his opinion. When the Government knew that Gandhi might pose problem for it, a committee was appointed to study the condition of the peasants. Gandhi was also a member of that committee. As per the report of the committee, the peasants were free from the clutches of the European planters and had a sigh of relief. Gandhi became famous in India overnight.