Essay on information and communication technology (India)


(a) Information and Communication Technology should be utilised by the local governments in processes plification, and enhancing transparency.

Size of the Gram Panchayat

(a) States should ensure that as far as possible Gram Panchayats should be of an appropriate size \ would make them viable units of self-governance and also enable effective popular participation. 1 exercise will need to take into account local geographical and demographic conditions.


Personnel Management in PRIs

(a) Panchayats should have power to recruit personnel and to regulate their service conditions subject such laws and standards as lay down by the State Government. Evolution of this system should prolong beyond three years. Until then, the Panchayats may draw upon, for defined periods, staff from departments/agencies of the State Government, on deputation.

Position of Parastatals

(a) Parastatals should not be allowed to undermine the authority of the PRIs.


(b) There is no need for continuation of the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA). Following the t taken by Kerala, Karnataka and West Bengal, the DRDAs in other States also should be merged with respective District Panchayats (Zila Parishad). Similar action should be taken for the District Water j Sanitation Committee (DWSC).

Activity Mapping

(a) States must undertake comprehensive activity mapping with regard to all the matters mentioned in 1 Eleventh Schedule. This process should cover all aspects of the subject viz; planning, budgeting a provisioning of finances. The State Government should set-up a task force to complete this work within one year.

Transfer of Funds to the Panchayats


(a) Except for the specifically tied, major Centrally Sponsored Schemes and special purpose programmes! The States, all other allocations to the Panchayati Raj Institutions should be in the form of untied fund the allocation order should contain only a brief description of broad objectives and expected outcome

(b) State Governments should modify their rules of financial business to incorporate the system of separate State and District sector budgets, the later indicating district-wise allocations.

(c) There should be a separate Panchayat sector line in the State budget.

List of Important and Practical Recommendations of the ARC Rejected by GOI


Official Secrets Act to Stay:

The ARC had recommended and rightly so, the repeal of the Official Secrets Act (OSA) and incorporation of some of its anti-espionage provisions in the National Security Act. GOI has rejected this recommendation on the ground that the offences under the OSA are subtend offences and cannot be placed in what is essentially a preventive detention law.

This argument cannot be flawed but the anti-espionage provisions may be placed in the Indian Penal Code without much difficulty. There is no reason for treating OSA as a treasured heirloom that must be preserved for posterity.

Oath of Secrecy to Stay:


The ARC had recommended that the oath of secrecy administered Ministers be replaced with an oath of transparency. GOI has rejected this recommendation oh the ground) that Ministers will still be expected to maintain secrets in the RTI era.

So even if Parliament signaled i will to change the underlying paradigm of governance from secrecy to openness by passing the RTI Act GOI wants its Ministers to be sworn to secrecy- the numerous calculated leaks of government information notwithstanding the selection of members of Information Commissions it had recommended that the Cabinet Minister on the committee be replaced by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the Central level and the Chief Justice of the respective High Courts at the level of the States. GOI has rejected this decision stating that the existing arrangements have no infirmity.

Refusal to End the Bureaucratic Domination of Information Commissions:

A vast majority of Information Commissioners appointed at the Centre and in the States are officers who retired from senior positions in government. Individuals who swore by the OSA were made champions of transparency overnight.

Recognizing this anomaly, the ARC recommended change in the RTI Rules to ensure that at least 50% of the Commissioners are drawn from fields of expertise outside the bureaucracy. GOI has rejected this recommendation merely stating that the Act provides for the appointment of eminent persons from different fields of expertise.

Apparently the necessity of giving detailed reasons for a decision of rejection applies only to the domain of PIOs and appellate authorities, and not to GOI as a whole.

Refusal to Print Suo Motu Disclosure Documents:

Recognizing the fact that less than 5% people in India are internet literate, the ARC had recommended printing of proactive disclosure documents of public authorities periodically in order to make them easily accessible to people. GOI has rejected this recommendation on the ground that this would be an expensive affair to be undertaken periodically. Instead public authorities would upload their proactive disclosure documents on the RTI portal set up by GOI.

No mention is made of the fact that the existing disclosures are not regularly updated on this portal and in any case they are inaccessible to non-English-speaking and internet-illiterate citizens.

Shortchanging Records Management:

Recognizing the poor state of management of public records all over India, the ARC had recommended the setting up of a well networked series of public records offices at the Central and state level.

It had also recommended setting aside 1% of the budget of flagship programmes of each ministry for this purpose. GOI has rejected the ‘public records office’ idea stating that the Public Records Act and the National Archives would be adequately strengthened for this purpose.

The fact that the Public Records Act does not cover the States has been conveniently forgotten. GOI has rejected the funding idea also on the ground that no separate allocation needs to me made for improving records maintenance; the same could be met under the existing budgetary provisions. Behind this rejection there is little realisation of the fact that records management is an area of least concern in several public authorities.

The question that begs consideration is how many public authorities’ take records management seriously to make budgetary provisions for this item of expenditure every year as it is a continuous exercise. The provision about records management found in the RTI Act has only enthused many public authorities to hasten the destruction of records that are past their stipulated lifespan.

Refusal to Set Up Single Window System:

Based on the strong backing from civil society the ARC had recommended that a single window system manned by Assistant PIOs be set up at the district level for receiving applications from citizens.

The obvious purpose was to create convenience for citizens who would otherwise have to go through considerable difficulty identifying the correct PIO. GOI has rejected this recommendation stating that complaints would pertain to different areas and time would be lost in distributing them to the relevant offices.

The possibility of linking up with the State Governments for setting up such facilities has been ignored. The example of Nawanshahr district in Punjab where such a system was functional has been ignored.

Refusal to effectively monitor the implementation of the RTI Act:

Recognizing that a large number of public authorities function at the regional, state, district and sub-district level the ARC had recommended that a nodal officer be appointed by the relevant Information Commission as a monitoring authority to ensure proper implementation of the RTI Act. GOI has rejected this recommendation on the pretext that it may lead to inter-departmental conflict.

Surely, making the District Collector/Deputy Commissioner’s office as a monitoring authority at the district level may not lead to any conflict as they perform a supervisory role on many accounts including the maintenance of law and order another good suggestion has been rejected on incredible grounds.

Bureaucrats have not accepted most of the important recommendations that civil society has been advocating for since the inception of the RTI Act.

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