In Islam, the personality of the Prophet plays a fundamental role in the transformation, change and mutation of the structure of the future civilization as well as in changing the direction of history because the Prophet of Islam appears in a particular geographic area (the Arabian Peninsula) where civilization is just like its geography.
It is a peninsula which is surrounded on three sides by the sea but it is thirsty and dry and has no water. Its neighbours, on all sides, have hosted great civilizations.
To the north there was the civilization of Greece and Eastern Rome; to the East, Tran’s civilization; on the southeast, the Indian civilization and to the northeast, the Hebrew civilization.
The religions founded by Moses, Jesus, and Zoroaster as well as the great Aryan and Semetic civilizations all neighbour it.
When the Prophet of Islam appears, some of these civilizations are thriving around the peninsula but in the same way that the special geographic condition of this peninsula is such that the vapour of the water of the sea does not enter the peninsula, none of these civilizations leave the least trace upon the peninsula.
Therefore, according to sociologists, the Prophet of Islam is the greatest factor in the change and transformation of his society.
A historian sees a great wave of accident which came into being in the 7th century A.D. in the Arabian Peninsula. It dissolved all of its surroundings. It brought a great civilization and society into being.
It is here that the historian must necessarily relate the great wave and all of the thoughts and the changes of this greatest of transformations in the history of mankind which is Islam.
To the person of Mohammad, son of Abdullah, after studying the peninsula where there is a total vacuum of culture and civilization and where the masses live under the most difficult of circumstances. The personality of the Prophet contains special and exceptional conditions.