Chandrasekhar Vankata Raman was born on 7 November, 1888 at Ayanpettal in Tamil Nadu. He had his early education at Vishakhapatnam and Madras. After obtaining his M.A. degree in Physics in 1907, he appeared at the Financial Civil Service competitive examination, and having topped the list of successful candidates, was appointed Deputy Accountant General in Calcutta in June, 1907.
In 1917, Sir Ashutosh Mookherjee, the famous Vice- Chancellor of Calcutta University, appointed Raman as the Palit Professor of Physics at the university. In Calcutta, Raman carried out many experiments and research work for a long time, and the result was the discovery of ‘Raman Effect’ in 1928. Raman .was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 on account of his wonderful discovery.
In 1933, Raman shifted himself to Bangalore to become the Director of the Indian Institute of Science. In 1943, he founded his own institute near Bangalore, the ‘Raman Institute’, where he continued to work till his last day.
Raman passed away on 21 November, 1970.
Raman received many honours from different parts of the world for his valuable contributions in the field of science. He was awarded the highest honour of “Bharat Ratna” in 1954, along with Dr. S. Radhakrisbnan and C. Rajagopalachari.