319 words essay on Famines

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Indian agriculture, on which the country depends for its food supply depends on its turn on annual monsoons. If the monsoon breaks at property time and brings sufficient rains, the crops are abundant but if it falls late, the crops fall and agriculture is brought to a standstill and the result is the dearth of food or famine with all its terrible consequences.

As there is no reason to think that the climate of India has radically changed in historical times, famines must have been as frequent and severe in older times as they are today. If we drove not many historical records of famines in the past, this is due to fact that ancient histories, which were devoted mainly to description of wars, the policy of kings and the intrigues of royal courts, considered the lives and sufferings of the common people beneath their notice.

In fact famines are not today the terrible disasters they were in the old days. Before the introduction of railways and good roads, a famine stricken district was helpless. In that district, there was little or no food and as food could not be brought from a distance, the people simply died of starvation by the thousands. The introduction of roads and railways has changed the character of famines. Nowadays in famine stricken district there is no lack of food and hence no starvation from absolute dearth of food.

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The difficulty, however, remains that the poor people, who are thrown out of the work by failure of monsoon, have no money to buy food. But this difficulty has been met by an elaborate system of Government famine relief. It opens famine relief works, on which the out of work people are employed at fair wages which enables them to buy food. Hence in a modern time famines have fewer deaths due to starvation and it has been robbed of much of its terrors.

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