Essay for class 9th on population problem in India


Population has always had the tendency of growing but, as long as it is within the limits of acceptability and management, it is very welcome. However, in India as we all know, the growth of population is all out of proportions to its other achievements.

India is the most thickly populated country of the world, second only to China. This population growth if left unchecked will automatically allow absolutely no impact on the development of the country, in any other sphere. No matter how many and how vast our development programmes may be, this disproportionate growth of population will nullify it all.

For instance, if a home is big enough for four people to live in very comfortably and the population rises to six. When the home is big enough for six, the population becomes eight and hence goes on and on.


This would obviously mean that, never can there be entire comfort, as, when comforts are increased, population to take advantage also increases – thus the position remaining the same. The net result of this sort of a situation would be that, there would never be any sufficiency, no matter how much we may achieve.

Similarly, when the family income is enough to cater to four, the family size rises to six, when it rises to be enough for six, the family size rises to be eight. This is a question of just simple Arithmetic that is easily understood by all, yet, remains unanswered and unsolved.

In the last fifty years of India’s Independence, this has been the exact position of India. India has undoubtedly made tremendous progress on all fronts but this problem of rising population has just nullified all the achievements if we see them in the perspective of the whole country.

This makes us feel as though we are just the same as we were fifty years backing, and, I dare say this is all just because of the continuously rising graph of population.


If this situation continues, I think, India can never hope to be among the progressive countries of the world, as, all progress is bound to be naught by the disproportionate growth of the population. The Government, the NGOs and above all the individuals, should work together to tackle this problem for, as long as this is not satisfactorily solved there is no end to the dark tunnel of poverty and hunger.

To tackle this Herculean problem we must attack it very methodically. Let us analyze why and where the population growth is maximum, and then attack the virus. The belief of the society that, a son is essential in a family makes several families grow to undesirable and uncouth sizes.

Parents don’t stop producing till they get a son. Besides this, in rural India where growth is phenomenal, the parents do not feel the need for a small family, and they do not seem to feel the burden of the large family. They seem to hold the view that, each child who comes, with two hands, is able to fend FOR himself.

Hence, no one is a burden on the parents. These parents do not realize that, their children pose problems for the country, if not for the individual family. A problem galore comes ahead with this rising population – the problem of child labour.


The child trafficking problem, and several other problems take birth due to the little ones taking to job seeking the parents feel that, they are earning for themselves so, no problem is there for the society and the country.

However this is not true for, it are these rural children seeking for employment that leads to the exploitation of children in the urban areas. And the sad part of it all is that, the rural adults do not understand this.

The layman’s solution to this magnum problem is to enlighten the village folk to the necessity and advantages of having a small family, and few children who can be brought up so well that they become good citizens of the country and contribute to the development of India.

However, if after much explanation and even cajoling, the rural people do not understand the magnitude of the problem, they should, I dare say be forced into family planning with several incentives and punishments for their activities in family planning process.

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