Four Main Causes of deforestation in India During British Rule
The causes for deforestation in India during British rule were:
(i) Increase in population, leading to growth in demand for food, and extension of land under cultivation at the expense of forests.
(ii) Colonisation by the British encouraged production of commercial crops.
(iii) Increased demand for timber due to expansion of railways and for ship building purposes.
(iv) Large areas of forests were also cleared to make way for plantation crops.