The educated Indian middle class played a leading role in spreading nationalist ideas all over the country. It was the middle class who understood the true nature of the British rule.
It was this class of people who discovered that the root cause of Indian’s poverty was the drain of wealth of India to Britain. The middle class also became conscious that in their own country the British who were foreigners treated rudely and racial discrimination was practised.
The educated Indians also found that despite their English education there was hardly any scope for employment under the British administration.
The British always afraid of what they called the wits of educated Indians and tried to exclude them from service. The British rulers, in fact, looked upon even the highly educated Indians with contempt.
All this led to discontent of the middle class against the British rule. They realized that until the country was free from the foreign rule it would not be possible to remedy all the ills.