Life has boundless experiences. Every moment human or child gains experience, from experiences we learn and modify our behavior. Therefore, education is termed as reconstruction of experiences. In the field of curriculum, various experiences are to be taken into account for a suitable educational system. Through experiences child learns the lessons of life and becomes active in his day-to day programmes.
Overall, the experiences are divided into two types direct and indirect. These are given below.
(i) Direct Experiences:
The child learns directly when he actively participates in teaching-learning situation. While organizing picnic, excursion and working in laboratory, the child learns.
(ii) Indirect Experiences:
Sometimes we learn from different sources. The sources may be newspaper, radio, T.V. and others. The child gets knowledge indirectly. These are second-hand information but true.
Importance of Experience-Centered Curriculum:
(i) Experience-centered curriculum is framed according to the psychological bases of education.
(ii) The child gets direct experience when the information presented is live.
(iii) It creates a social environment.
(iv) It develops social qualities like cooperation, sympathy, love, belongingness and others.
(v) The teaching-learning situation is controlled.
(vi) The education is providing according to the needs and necessities of the child.
(vii) The child comes in direct contact in life situations.
(ix) Experiences are generated out of curiosity.
(x) It develops group loyalties.
(xi) It helps to solve the social problem of life.
Therefore, modern educationists and curriculum planners give importance to experience-centeredness in education and curricular programmes.