a. Punch Sheel:

Under the leadership of the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, India played a leading role in the Non- aligned Movement.

In fact, the policy of non-alignment is the creation of Jawaharlal Nehru. At Bandung Conference of 1955 Nehru played a very vital role.

It was on his proposal that in the conference that Panch Sheel is to say five principles conducting relations among the countries were adopted.

ADVERTISEMENTS:

The five principles were (a) Peaceful Co-existence, (b) Non-aggression, (c) Equality and mutual assistance, (d) Mutual respect for territorial integrity (e) Non­intervention.

b. Bandung Conference:

The non-aligned nations first met at Bandung in Indonesia in 1955. India played a vital -ole in the conference.

c. Importance:

ADVERTISEMENTS:

Bandung Conference, a conference of the non- aligned countries, was of particular importance in the period of the Cold War Firstly, Bandung Conference was the first international political conference of the African and Asian nations.

Secondly, the political conference at Bandung projected the idea of a nonaligned and neutral attitude towards the Cold War struggle between USA and USSR.

Thirdly, the Bandung Conference of the nonaligned I nations may be described as a ‘united front’ against colonial oppressions.

Fourthly, Zhou Enlai, the Prime Minister of the People’s Republic of China, made a personal appearance at Bandung. He went some way towards showing that Chinese communism was reconcilable with other Asian nationalism.