Action research is a recent addition to the categories of research known. Action research is spread over different phases such as a base line survey, where all the possible information of research interest is collected to enable the researcher to acquaint himself with the existing or operational situations.

This also aims at collecting information from other sources that have direct or indirect bearing on the research programme. At the second phase, the planned action is practically launched and then at the next phase action research carries out periodical assessment of the project. At a subsequent stage, changes, modifications and other improvements are made in the functional aspect of the project and finally the whole process culminates in the evaluation of the project as a whole.