Disabilities are of two broad types:
Physical and mental. The physically disabled include the deaf, dumb, blind and orthopaedics. Mental disability includes mental retardation, autism and cerebral palsy. A disability becomes a handicap when it interferes with one’s ability to do what is expected at a particular time.
The persons with Disability:
Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1995 includes the following types of disability – blindness, low vision, leprosy-cured, hearing impairments, locomotor disability, mental retardation and mental illness.