Principles of Effective Institutional Management
(1) Principle of cooperation.
(2) Principle of democratic philosophy.
(3) Principle of coordination.
(4) Principle of equality.
(5) Principle of freedom.
(6) Principles of flexibility.
(7) Principle of human relations.
(8) Principle of justice.
(9) Principle of leadership.
(10) Principle of optimism.
(11) Principle of optimum utility.
(12) Principle of professional growth of the staff.
(13) Principle of recognition of individual worth,
(14) Principle of sharing responsibility.
(15) Principle of values.
(16) Principle of budgeting.
(17) Principles of economy.
(1) Principle of Sharing Responsibility:
A democratic manager and administrator acts upon the principle of sharing responsibility. He does not himself usurp all powers but shares control and responsibility not only with his colleagues but with the students also. He does not make the mistake of thinking that he is born to rule. He introduced student’s government in the school under the guidance of expert teachers.
(2) Principle of Equality:
A democratic administrator should look upon die personnel as socially equal to himself. He should not take decisions by himself, but with his colleagues. He should make them feel responsible and share in administration. He should have a code of set rules of administration which he and his colleagues should follow rigidly, making no discrimination in their application and lastly, he should want no special privileges. He should avoid all losing tendencies. He should treat all those who work under him as his coworkers as in democracy there are n subordinates.
(3) Principle of Freedom:
People are at their best when they have freedom to exercise their powers and talents. Unnecessary restraints imposed by the managers and administrators curb all initiative and enthusiasm of their subordinates.
(4) Principle of Cooperation:
A democratic head stress the importance of working together in a spirit mutual help and cooperation. The school is said to a cooperative society in which every member must for all and all for each. A co-operative spirit must reflect in every activity of the school cooperation the head and the staff, head and the students, and the parents, head and managing committee, and the inspector etc. All engaged in the field of have the same interests and purposes and c is no reason why there should not be cooperation 11 levels of educational management and “lustration.
(5) Principle of Justice:
A democratic manager administrator will not show undue favour to some, will be treated in the same footing. All points of should be promptly and judiciously settled of justice breeds disgust and frustration among service personnel. Individual warth and not birth should be given due importance. No person should be ve rules and regulations. The teachers and the students should feel that the head is an embodiment of play and justice. Most of our troubles in our rational institutions will vanish if once we recognise importance of fair play and justice.
(6) Principle of Recognition of the Individual:
Democratic manager and administrator will respect individuality of his coworkers. He will not injure their self-respect. He will realize the necessity of dying his coworkers individually. The merit of the individual should be given its due recognition. Nothing 11 more encourage a man or a woman, a boy or a girl, greater effort, than an encouraging recognition of d work done, of sincere effort made, of good qualities shown. If those in charge of institutions, and carrying on the administrative work of department show to enable those working with them to do their best, should always realize the value of ungrudging ignition of all that merits such recognition.
(7) Principle of Leadership:
A democracy not function unless all the people are trained for charging their responsibility and this involves training in discipline as well as leadership. An educational manager and administrator is a leader of ions groups and he must possess qualities of leadership so that others may also follow him. In every here of human activity, leadership is beset with difficulties and the manager and the administrator must have a grasp of group and individual psychology, if he to be success.