This method revolves round the contributions made by the teacher and the students and would be of insignificant value if the contribu­tion by students is not quite significant. The success of this method is directly proportional to students reasoning, acquisition of understand­ings and socialisation of technique. This method has been quite suc­cessful in social sciences as also in physical and biological sciences. It has also been quite successful in the teaching of mathematics and languages etc.

Demonstration Method

In this method both senses of the students are appealed by the teacher which really accelerates the learning process. Though the method is quite suitable but it is always advisable to make use of this method for teaching a subject in which skills relating to manual dexterity are needed. In this method the following steps are involved.

Steps is Demonstration Method


(i) The teacher briefly describes the topic that he intends to

demonstrate. He cautions the students to remain vigilant and to observe how he demonstrates.

(ii) Teacher arranges various articles, to be used during demonstration, as his table in some well ordered arrangement.

(iii) Teacher shows to the students the actual procedure of demonstration.


(iv) Students observe the demonstration and note down the con­clusions.

(v) Students try to imitate the teacher and exhibit their

demonstration firstly in groups and then individually.

This procedure has to be followed till a mastery is achieved.


Basic Principles of Demonstration

(i) The teacher should be quite clear of the specific purpose of demonstration.

(ii) The teacher should have a rehearsal of the whole of demonstration procedure before actually demonstrating a lesson in a class .

(iii) The teacher should make sure that he has with him all of the equipment needed for the demonstration. He should also be sure that he has the essential knowledge of suc­cessful operation of all the equipments to be used during the demonstrations.


(iv) Teacher should himself check the various physical facili­ties and the class-room situation.

(v) For a complex demonstration, teacher should classify and clarify those problems in such a way that they can be easily grasped.

(vi) Teacher may ask some pre-planned questions so as to get a summary of the demonstration.

(vii) Lecturing and talking should be kept to the minimum in a demonstration.


(viii) Students be helped to make a brief and systematic note of demonstration.

(ix) The demonstration be presented in such a way that it ap­peals to all the five senses of the students.

Advantages «f Demonstration

(i) It is the most useful method in teaching manual skills (e.g. filling of routine forms, typing skill etc.)


(ii) Demonstration helps in presenting a very realistic view of the process or working of the machine before the students.

(iii) It enhances the skills of the students.

(iv) It makes understanding of the complex ideas easier on the part of the students.

(v) It fosters a spirit of confidence among students and makes the learning alive.

(vi) In demonstration we need less supervision and more re­sponsibilities are involved.

(vii) Demonstration method helps to develop a scientific atti­tude towards the world of work amongst the students.

(viii) It enhances the dignity of labour.