What are the Anti-Protective Measures of GATT?

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For removing trade barriers, GATT requires its members to adopt the following anti-protective measures, however, with certain exceptions:

(i) The members should not use export subsidies, except for agricultural products.

(ii) The members should not impose unilateral quotas on imports, except when imports threaten market disruption.

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(iii) Any new tariff or increase in a tariff should be offset by reductions in other tariffs in order to compensate the affected exporting countries.

The GATT, however, grants the following exceptions to its anti- protective policy:

(i) Protective measures are allowed to the countries facing the balance of payments difficulties.

(ii) Trade restrictions are permitted to the developing countries.

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(iii) Import restrictions are permitted on agricultural products if the domestic production of these goods is subject to equally restrictive production or marketing controls.

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