What are the 3 main types of counseling given in Schools?

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There are 3 main types of Counselling 1. Directive Counselling, 2. Non-directive Counselling, 3. Eclectic Counselling.

(1) Directive Counseling:

This type if counseling is directive in its nature. The counselor plays an important role in it. He/she is the authority which states a judgment over any problem.

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In this type of counseling student has not any important role but counselor has problem in his/her main focus. Student has to cooperate to his/her counselor. Since it is an authoritative type of counseling so students communicate a little and counselor does most of talking. In it we can not see democratic environment. Student has to work under the counselor not with him. We can give counseling regarding intellectual aspects in it.

(2) Non-directive counseling:

In this type of counseling, student is provided a great opportunity for free expression in which he/she could give information to counselor completely. In this type of counseling, student works with counselor not under him/her.

It is democratic in behaviour where counseling develops further insight, a more complete and accurate understanding of the problem. Since student plays a central role in it so we can also say it client centered counseling.

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(3) Eclectic counseling:

In this type of counseling, counselor offers many alternative solutions of a problem from which student could select the most appropriate one.

Counselor has the need of individual in his/her view at the time of counseling. Counselor has the effect of counseling on student in his/ her mind.

A teacher should use this type of counseling according to need and nature of students as well as problems.

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