This article provides information about the assessment on land reforms in India!
After Independence, the social objective to equalize the distribution of wealth in India came in the form of land reforms so that poor rural farmers can be given land. The slogan to provide land to the tiller was to be materialized by government policy.
The government introduced land reforms programmes which included and aimed at following
a. The elimination of intermediaries in agriculture.
b. Introduction of tenancy reforms in such a way that tenants would get maximum benefits and exploitation can be removed.
c. To determine the ceiling of holdings per family and the surplus land to be distributes among landless farmers.
d. To consolidate the land holding to introduce modern technological uses in them.
Further the land ceiling laws were enforced in 1950 and 1960 in various states and then again modified by the directions of the Central Government in 1972. The tenancy reforms included measures like, regulation of land rent, to provide security, Tenure to confirm ownership on tenants.
Though all these programmes were aimed at providing enough security to the farmers and to bring them out from the clutches of Zamindars. But even after implementation of various laws pertaining to land reforms, there is no desired result.
Some political reasons are responsible for this failure to provide prosperity to farmers, e.g., states implemented the laws related to ceiling of land after some time passed and during that period. Zamindars and landlords transferred their land to their family members and could easily escape from the provisions and so in fact nothing coming in the hands of farmers and tillers.