How Do Arctic Foxes Keep Their Noses Warm At Night?

The Arctic fox has a bushy tail up to 16 inches long-over half its body length. When the fox is sleeping, it curls its tail around its body to cover its head and nose. The tail acts as a muff to keep the animal snug in biting winds.

How Can Animals Survive The Harsh Polar Weather?

The Polar Regions are the coldest places on earth, yet some creatures live there all year round. Snow and ice cover the land and sea for most or all of the year. Summers are brief and cool, with long hours of daylight. Winters are long, dark, and bitterly cold. In the Arctic, mammals such as the wolf and Arctic fox have a layer of body fat and a thick coat of fur to keep them warm. The fur traps air next to the animal’s skin, which helps to prevent body heat from escaping.

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Which Animal Has Ears Adapted To Keep It Warm?

In hot places such as deserts, hares have very long ears which give off body heat to keep the animal cool. In the far north, Arctic hares have much shorter ears which release less heat, while still giving excellent hearing.

How Do Birds Keep Warm In The Polar Regions?

Birds that live in the Arctic and Antarctic all year round have a dense coat of feathers. Waterproof outer feathers protect the bird against the cold and wet. Underneath, soft, fluffy down feathers help retain body heat.

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How Do Seals Keep Warm In Icy Water?

Seals and walruses are mammals that spend most of their lives in cold water. They have a thick layer of fat called blubber below their skin. This fatty layer keeps them warm and well insulated in the water. Whales and polar bears also have blubber. Whale blubber can be up to 20 inches thick.

How Do Polar Animals Avoid Frozen Feet?

An animal’s feet can be one of the coldest parts of its body, especially when, as in the polar regions, the feet touch the ice or frozen soil. Mammals such as polar bears and Arctic foxes have hair between their toes to prevent their paws from freezing. Some polar birds, such as the ptarmigan, a type of grouse, have feathery feet for the same reason.

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What Is A Beachmaster

Southern elephant seals breed on islands off Antarctica. Rival males fight fiercely, rearing up and tearing at each other’s necks with their teeth. The seals’ necks are padded with thick skin and fat, but the animals are soon bloody. The victor becomes “beach master,” winning a stretch of beach and his own group, or “harem” of females.

What Makes Polar Bears Fight?

Polar bears live mostly solitary lives, roaming the lonely pack ice. Females breed only once every three years. If two male bears come across a female who is ready to mate, a fight breaks out. The males wrestle fiercely in the snow, for only the victor will get the chance to mate.

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What Bird Dances To Attract A Mate?

Sand hill cranes migrate to the Arctic to breed. The male and female birds court one another by performing “dances” with many different steps. The birds dip down and bow low, make skipping movements, and leap up to 20 feet in the air.

Which Penguin Flirts With Its Eyebrows?

Rock hopper penguins have tufts of feathers above their eyes that form spectacular “eyebrows.” Males and females court by squawking at one another and waggling their heads to show off their impressive tufts.

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How Do Guillemots Keep The Peace?

Guillemots rear their chicks on crowded cliff ledges. Each breeding pair has only a tiny space to feed its chick. In these overcrowded conditions, fights between rival birds would quickly lead to chicks or eggs falling to their deaths. Squabbling guillemots resolve their differences by using ritual movements that show threat and submission, so physical fights are rare.

What Makes A Wolf Leader Of The Pack?

Wolf packs have a strict system, in which the strongest animals dominate the weaker ones. Only the strongest male and female wolf usually mate. Whenever they meet, wolves show their place in the hierarchy through their body language. Top wolves stand proud with pricked ears, bared teeth, and tails held high. Junior wolves cower with their ears flat and their tails between their legs.

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Where Are Polar Bear Cubs Born?

Polar bears give birth in midwinter to up to three cubs. The young are born in a snug snow den hollowed out by their mother. They live in the den for three months, feeding on her rich milk. Then the female breaks through the snow plugging the entrance to the den, and the cubs scamper out into the icy world for the first time.

What Games Do Polar Bear Cubs Play?

Young polar bears are curious and very playful. They chase one another, slide down snowy slopes, and tussle in the snow. Through play, they learn the skills they will need to survive once they are weaned.

Why Do Brant Geese Raise Their Young In A Hurry?

Brant geese arrive to breed in Arctic marshes as soon as the ice melts. The young must be raised before the brief summer ends, so the birds lay their eggs at once. The eggs hatch out quickly, and the chicks grow fast. In less than two months the young birds are ready to take off with their parents as they head back to warmer climes.

Which Animal Drinks Milk Underwater?

Like other mammals, young whales feed on their mothers’ milk. The female’s nipples are located on the underside of her body, so the calf must take a deep breath and dive down below its mother to drink.

Which Chicks Are Looked After In A Creche?

Emperor penguin chicks hatch out in July- midwinter in Antarctica. They spend about eight weeks riding round on their parents’ feet, clear of the ice. Then they are left in “creches” with other young penguins while their parents go off to hunt for food.

Which Animal Can Walk A Great Distance At Only Two Days Old?

Caribou calves are born in June in the Arctic. In minutes, they are able to stand on their long legs and wobble around. In a day or two, they are ready to keep up with the herd as it moves on in search of fresh grazing. In the fall, the calves travel south with the herd to the sheltered forests.

What Animal Has Several Dens?

Ringed seal pups are born in an ice den scraped out by their mother with her flippers. The female makes several dens so she can move her pup to safety if it is threatened. Polar bear cubs spend two years suckling their mother’s milk and learning hunting skills. Then they are on their own.

How Do Baby Seals Make Themselves Invisible?

Baby harp seals spend the first weeks of their lives out of water, on the ice. Their parents have dark, mottled skins that blend in well with the water, but the young have pure white fur, which helps to hide them from predators such as polar bears.

How Does – The Snowy Owl Protect Its Babies?

Snowy owl chicks hatch out in a nest on the ground in springtime The young and adult owls have different camouflage. The mother owl has white feathers with dark speckles, so she blends into the snowy landscape. Her chicks have mottled gray feathers that merge with rocks and plants near the nest.

What Color Is A Polar Bear’s Skin?

Believe it or not, the polar bear’s skin is black! The hollow hairs of its thick fur reflect the light and make its skin look white.

How Do Reindeer Escape The Winter Cold?

Some hardy animals can survive in the high Arctic all year round. Others, including reindeer, visit only for the mild summer season. Reindeer herds spend the summer months feeding on small plants in the tundra-the treeless lands on the edge of the Arctic Ocean. In fall, they make their way south, to shelter for the winter in forests called the taiga. The reindeer make the same round trip each year, following the same routes. Such regular animal journeys are called migrations.

What Arctic Animal Has Two Fur Coats?

The stoat is a type of weasel whose camouflage varies with the seasons. In summer its brown fur blends in with the rocky landscape. In fall it sheds its summer fur, and grows a new, thick coat of pure white hairs. In its winter coat the stoat is called an ermine.

How Do Polar Animals Perform A Disappearing Act?

Animals all over the world have colors and patterns on their bodies that blend in with their surroundings. This natural disguise or camouflage helps them to hide from enemies and predators. In the Arctic and Antarctic, many creatures have white coats that blend in with the snow in winter. Some creatures have a different colored coat in summer, so they can also hide when the snow has melted. In winter, the ptarmigan has mainly snow-white feathers. In summer, its mottled brown plumage helps it hide among the bare earth and rocks.

Why Do Reindeer Follow In Each Other’s Footsteps?

Reindeer travel as much as 1,240 miles each year on migration to save energy, each deer treads in the footsteps of the animal in front, so it does not have to break trail through deep snow.

How Does The Lynx Go Hunting?

Like other cats, the lynx has excellent sight and hearing. It hunts by silently stalking a victim such as an Arctic hare. Then it pounces on its prey with one big leap.

Which Animal Has Paws Like Sledgehammers

The polar bear’s main weapons are its paws, which can act like sledgehammers ft can a human wito one swipe oi fts massive paw. The bear’s sharp canine teeth are also sometimes used to kill. Its strongest senses are smell and hearing. A hunting bear can sense prey up to 20 miles away.

Which Animals Form A Magic Circle Round Their Babies?

When musk oxen are menaced by wolves or other predators, they group themselves into a circle with their young calves safe in the middle. The adult oxen face outward and fend off their attackers with their long, curving horns, until the wolves give up.

Which Animal Keeps Food In A “Fridge?”

Arctic foxes sometimes cache (hide) stores of meat beneath the snow, or under rocks in summer. In cold conditions, the food stays as fresh as it would in the icebox of your fridge.

What Do Polar Bears Eat?

The polar bear’s favorite food is ringed seals. It hunts its victims at holes in the ice where the seals come up for air. The bear creeps silently up to the hole, then lies in wait-for hours if necessary. When a seal pops up to breathe, the bear kills it with a single slash of its powerful paw and a bite to the neck.

Which Animals Gang Up On Their Victims?

Wolves’ main prey is caribou, moose, and sometimes musk oxen. They hunt in packs and target young, weak, or injured animals. When the wolves spot a likely victim, such as a caribou calf with its mother, they spread out to surround their prey. The panicked calf tries to flee and is separated from its mother. Then the wolves run their victim down and kill it by biting its neck.

What Animal Is The Glutton Of The Arctic?

Wolverines are large members of the weasel family, also known as gluttons. These ferocious creatures look like small brown bears. They hunt lemmings and even large mammals such as reindeer. When the wolverine makes a large kill, it gorges itself on meat, then hides the rest for later, earning a reputation for gluttony.

What Arctic Animal Was Thought To Commit Suicide

Lemmings were once believed to commit suicide by throwing themselves off cliffs. Now scientists realize that these rodents breed very fast, so their numbers can rise steeply. When the area where they live becomes overcrowded and food gets scarce, large numbers of lemmings set off in search of a new food source. Many of them drown when they fall into rivers or lakes that lie in their path.

Which Arctic Animal Makes The Scariest Noise?

Wolves are found throughout the Arctic, living in packs. Most wolf packs contain between eight and 20 animals. They howl to communicate with other members of their group, and to warn rival wolves away from their territory.

When Do Grizzlies Go North?

The polar bear is the only bear to spend all year on the Arctic pack ice. However, grizzly bears live in the forests that edge the tundra. In summer, they visit the Arctic to feed on berries, fish, and mammals. They pass the winter hibernating in dens.

Are There Cats In The Arctic ?

The lynx is a large wild cat that spends most of the year in the taiga forests. It sometimes ventures into the Arctic tundra to hunt hares, voles, and lemmings.

What Do Caribou Like To Eat?

Caribou is a type of deer that feeds mainly on lichen growing on rocks. This is a food that can be found all year round. In summer, the deer feed on a wide variety of plants that grow and flourish in the long hours of daylight.

How Big Do Polar Bears Grow?

Male polar bears can grow up to 10 feet long and weigh as much as 10 adult humans. The females are much smaller.

Which Animal Is A Champion Swimmer?

Polar bears are expert swimmers and divers. They move through the water by paddling with their front paws. They have been spotted swimming as far as 200 miles from land.

What Is The Most Famous Arctic Animal?

Rudolf, the red-nosed reindeer who pulled Santa’s sleigh, is certainly the best-loved Arctic animal! In Siberia and Scandinavia, tame reindeer are often used to pull sleighs and heavy loads, and people also ride on them. Throughout the Arctic, humans depend on reindeer for meat and use their skins for clothing. In North America, reindeer are sometimes called caribou. The name probably comes from a Micmac Indian word meaning “animal that paws through snow for food.”

Why Do Fish Need Antifreeze?

Fish that live in polar seas have special features that I help them survive in icy water. The Arctic cod has blood that contains chemicals that work like the antifreeze in a car radiator, to prevent the fish from freezing.

Which Antarctic Fish Goes Fishing?

The marble plunder fish has a fleshy whisker on its chin, called a barbell. To small fish, this slender tentacle looks like a wriggling worm. But when the little fish moves in to eat the “worm the plunder fish snaps it up.

How Does The V Icefish Get Its Name?”

Icefish can survive in very cold water, where most other fish would freeze. Unlike all other vertebrates (animals with backbones) the icefish’s blood contains no red blood cells; instead, it holds a natural antifreeze. Red blood cells are normally vital because they carry oxygen round an animal’s body, but the ice fish can absorb oxygen direct from seawater.

Why Do Polar Sea Creatures Prefer The Deep?

Most aquatic animals in polar seas live in deep water. In shallow waters, creatures that live on the seabed risk damage from floating sea-ice that scrapes along the bottom. So starfish, sponges, corals, and sea-urchins carpet the rocky bottom of the deep water. When the ice melts in summer, some of these creatures migrate inshore.

Why Are The Polar Seas A Popular Place To Live?

In the Polar Regions, far more creatures live in the oceans than on land. In winter, the sea surface freezes over, but under the ice, the water temperature is warmer than the air on land. Antarctic waters contain an even greater variety of life than Arctic waters, because the ocean currents there cause nourishing minerals to well up from deep waters, to feed sea creatures.

When Does A Sea Snail Dry Out?

Some Antarctic sea snails survive the cold by dehydrating (drying out) so the water in their body cells cannot freeze.

Was The Antarctic Once A Warm Sea?

Fossil remains of ancient warm- water dwellers such as ammonites (shelled creatures) show that the Antarctic was much warmer in Ammonites were related to squid. They have long since become extinct.

Which Sharks Like To Chill Out In The Arctic?

Most sharks live in warm or temperate waters. Greenland sharks visit Arctic seas, although they usually live in warmer, deeper waters further south. These sharks hunt squid, seals, and small whales.

Which Seal Has A Beard

The bearded seal has a magnificent set of long, whiskery hairs on its nose. It uses its sensitive “beard” to feel for shellfish lurking on the seabed and fish hiding in cloudy water.

How Do Leopard Seals Hunt Penguins?

The leopard seal lurks beneath an ice floe on which the birds afb standing. When the penguins dive into the sea, the seal darts forward and seizes a bird in its teeth. Having caught its prey, the leopard is in no hurry to feed. It beats its kill against the water to turn the penguin inside-out and remove its skin. It may take over an hour to finish its meal.

Which Seal Needs A New Name

Crabeater seals of the Antarctic do not eat crabs. They would be better renamed krill-eaters, as these small, shrimp-like animals are their main food. To catch krill, the seal speeds along with its mouth open, sieving krill from the water with the help of its jagged teeth.

Do Elephant Seals Have Trunks?

Male elephant seals have a wrinkled bag of skin on top of their nose. The bag can be blown up balloon-style, to form a kind of trunk. When inflated, the seal’s trunk acts as a loudspeaker, amplifying his roars as he calls to frighten off rival males.

Why Do Walruses Have Tusks?

Both male and female walruses have sharp, curving tusks up to 3 feet long. These strong, elongated upper teeth have many uses. Walruses eat clams and other shellfish, and use their tusks to rake along the seabed to find food. The tusks are also used as levers when walruses haul their massive bodies up on to the ice. Long, curving tusks may add sex appeal when walruses are courting. The males also use theirs to gore their rivals when fighting contests to win female partners.

When Is A Seal An Elephant?

The elephant seal is the heavyweight champion of the seal world. Large males may grow up to 21 feet long and weigh up to 8,800 lb. Females are much smaller. Southern elephant seals live in Antarctic waters.

Do Walruses Like To Party?

Yes! Walruses are very sociable animals. They often gather in large, noisy groups on land, basking in the sun or huddling together to conserve body heat in cold weather. The walrus pack provides safety in numbers because it is more difficult for enemies to pick out weak or young animals from a big group.

Where Do Penguins Live?

Penguins live only in the southern Hemisphere. There are 16 different species. Most live in the far south, in Antarctica, or on islands in the south pacific or Atlantic Oceans. A few species occur further north, and one even lives on the remote Galapagos Islands, near the equator.

When Is A Penguin Like A Toboggan?

On land, penguins walk with an ungainly waddle. When descending snowy slopes, they toboggan along on their stomachs, pushing with their feet for extra speed.

Which Penguin Is The Deepest Diver?

The emperor penguin can dive to depths of 870 feet, and stay below the surface for 18 minutes. The emperor is the largest penguin, growing up to 4 feet tall.

Why Is A Penguin Like A Cork?

To leave the water, penguins swim up to the shore at speed, and then pop out of the water like a cork from a bottle, to land on the ice feet first. They sometimes use this technique to escape from predators, such as leopard seals.

How Did Chinstrap And Adelie Penguins Get Their Names?

The chinstrap penguin has a narrow line of black feathers running under its white throat, like a chinstrap. Adelie penguins were named by the French explorer Dumont d’Urville, who discovered Antarctica in 1840, after his wife Adelie.

How Do Penguins Keep Warm?

In the harsh Antarctic climate, penguins keep warm with the help of a layer of fatty blubber, and two layers of feathers. Their outer coat of tiny oily feathers overlap to keep the down feathers below dry. Penguins also have partly feathered beaks and small feet, so only a small part of their body is exposed to the freezing air and ice.

Why Do Penguins Steal Pebbles?

Penguins breed in large, noisy colonies called rookeries. Some make no nests, but chinstrap and Adelie penguins build nests of pebbles. Aggressive chinstraps sometimes steal one another’s pebbles, or take over Adelie nests.

Can Penguins Fly?

Penguins are flightless birds, but they are strong swimmers and divers. Underwater, they “fly” along, using their wings as flippers to push against the water. When swimming at speed, they often leap out of the water and dive back in again, an action known as porpoising.

How Do Emperors Keep Their Eggs Warm?

Emperor penguins don’t build nests, and an egg left on the ice would freeze in seconds. The female lays her egg, the male scoops it up onto his feet, and covers it with a warm flap of skin. He incubates the egg for two months during the worst winter weather, until the female returns to help feed the newly-hatched chick.

Which Penguin Lays Its Eggs On Ice?

Most Antarctic penguins breed on land in summer, but emperor penguins breed in winter; out on the freezing ice. In April, they trek 60 miles to traditional nesting sites, where they mate. Then the females head back to the sea, and the males are left to incubate the eggs.