For providing speedy and economical justice to the poor and the downtrodden some new ideas and programmes have recently been introduced in the country e.g. legal aid. Social action litigation and Lok Adalats.

Not only the person aggrieved by a wrong but any member of the public can now< initiate a proceeding on behalf of the aggrieved person in either the High Court or the Supreme Court for enforcement of constitution as rights.

Under the new arrangements a destitute citizen can file a writ petition even through a sample letter written on a post card. Cognizance of public litigation cases by the Supreme Court has added a new dimension to its role.