(1) during proclamation of emergency there appears extension in the executive power of the Union. Union Parliament may give direction to any state regarding manner in which the executive power is to be exercised.

(2) Not only executive but legislative powers also get enlarged. Union Parliament gets power to frame laws in respect of matters enshrined in the state list (Art. 250).

(3) The law made by the state legislature becomes subject to the law making power of Parlia­ment.

(4) The law made by Parliament during proclamation of emergency concerning State matter shall cease to operate six months after the lapse of proclamation.


(5) Parliament may confer powers and impose duties on the Union and its officers, regarding matters, which are not in Union List [353(b)].

(6) During emergency President may by law alter the financial arrangement between the Union and the State (Arts.268-279). This order should be laid before each house of Parliament, and cannot remain valid beyond the expiration of the financial year in which such proclama­tion ceases to operate.

(7) During proclamation of emergency President may suspend any fundamental right except the guaranteed under Arts. 21 and 22 of Part III of the constitution. Order of suspension of fundamental right should be laid before each house of Parliament.