A cheap and efficient means of transport is essential for a country like India which has a very large latitudinal and longitudinal extent.
India is blessed with vast natural resources and has great diversity in economic, social, cultural and ethnic structure.
To bring about unity by bringing the people close to one another and to strengthen the national economy a well knit transport system is essential.
Means of transport is required not only for people but also for carrying goods from one place to another. The growth of a country does not only depend upon the production of goods and services but also their movement.
The movement can be on land, water and air. So we can divide the modes of transport into: