The Central Government established in 1961 the National Council of Education Research and Training (popularly known as NCERT) for implementing the educational policies and plans of the Central Ministry of Education.
The Council contributes in the educational progress by co-operating with various universities in the country and Boards of Education in the various States. This National Council gives new information’s to teachers and students through its various publications.
The Council runs four Regional Colleges of Education situated at Ajmer, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar and Mysore. These colleges train school teachers, and arrange for in-service training of teachers during summer also. Under this Council there is in Delhi a National Institute of Education which conducts educational researches.
This Institute has it’s about eighteen regional offices through which it maintains its relationship with the States. Through these offices the various States procure information’s regarding curriculum development.
These offices advertise the publications of the N.C.E. R.T. and try to get them recommended for school classes. For the 10+2+3 pattern of education the Council has prepared textbooks and courses of studies for classes’ first to twelfth. Books for Hindi, English and science courses are obtained by the various States from this Council.
The Council has established an Educational Technological Centre which makes researches on methods of instruction and suggests measures for making it more practical and effective. Many technologies of teaching are developed here. The other Research Councils are as under-
1. The Council of Indian Historical Research.
2. The Council of Indian Social Sciences.
3. Institute of Higher Indian Education.
The Council of Indian Historical Research was established in New Delhi in 1972. The Council determines the national policy of historical researches. The Council is also responsible for writing history in a scientific manner, staging conferences for historians, offering, fellowship, translating source- materials and publishing important books.
The Government of India established the Institute of Social Sciences in 1968. In this institute there are about 25 members including a Chairman, 18 learned scholars of social sciences and six Government representatives. The institute evaluates the researches done in the field of social sciences, gives grant for social researches and advises the Government for conducting researches in social sciences, within the country or outside. It has centres at Bombay, Hyderabad, Calcutta, Shillong, Chandigarh and Delhi. This institute gives grants to seventeen research centres.
The Government of India has established the Indian Higher Institute of Social Sciences at Shimla. This institution organises conferences, workshops and discussions amongst experts in the line Summaries of researches are also published by this institute. Now it’s reorganisation is being emphasized.