School is a social organization and forming setup of education, wherein teachers and student interact with each other for achieving predetermined objectives.

The student learns due to his personal interaction with teacher. Classroom processes and interaction depends upon many factors in a classroom resource like regularity in classroom activities, discipline technical motivation of student, resources available and so also gets influenced by the school environment outside provide the classroom like cleanliness, state of building identify conduct of co-curricular activities such as sport plan assembly, cultural activities and also the functioning and behaviour of staff including class fourth employee.

The head of the institute is considered to be the leader of the school, because he/she looks after to academic, non-academic and administrative function of the school.

The teachers prepare unit plans, instruction plans, evaluation techniques and other co-curricular activities in the school.


The students have a different type of leader’s position in the school. They are the assists of the school. H house activity and festival planning is a part leadership of the school students.

Leadership involve from a dynamic an interacting group that is held together by loyalties demo an individual and is concerned with the goals of group. A leader is defined as “Anyone who recognised by individuals or by the group as an avail source of help. The leadership behaviour must importance of each individual in accomplishing task by die contribution of the individuals through great activity. Power and position is not the criteria of leadership. Leadership requires specific characterise which an effective leadership must possess.

The following are the qualities, characteristics and skills of a leader:

(i) Sociability


(ii) Intelligence

(iii) Self-confidence

(iv) Adaptability

(v) Responsibility


(vi) Dependability

(vii) Initiative

(viii) Creativity

(ix) Co-operation


(x) Scholarship

(xi) Risk taking

(xii) Verbal clarity.

Leadership is also a follower ship. In an educational setup we find leaders and followers. In a I school system the headmaster leads the teachers and teachers lead the students.


Leadership is important in planning, organizing, directing, supervising and evaluating school programmes. School leadership is subdivided into two segments viz. Administrative leadership and Instructional Leadership. The administrative leadership requires the utilisation of available human and material resources through the adoption of sound management techniques for the progress of the school.

The institutional leadership could be viewed as providing assistance to staff members of a school in identifying the formulating learning objectives and for planning strategies to attain the goals.

The leadership styles of individuals can be classified on the basis of how leaders use their authority or power. Leaders are categorised according to three basic styles viz.

i. Autocratic leader


ii. Democratic leader

iii. Free-rein/Lassiz fair leader

The autocratic leader uses power and authority, commands and expects compliance, is dogmatic and positive and leads the organization by the ability to withhold or give reward and punishment.

The democratic leader consults with group members on prepared and decisions and encourages participation from them in the management process. The democratic leaders involve the group members in the decision-making process and listen to the member’s opinions.

The Lassiz fair leader uses his power sparingly, if at all, giving sub-ordinates high degrees of independence in their operations such leaders largely depend group members to set die goals and the means of achieving them.