Decline in the sex ratio in India is an alarming sign for India’s future social development

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According to government reports 2 mil­lion fact uses are aborted each year for reason none other than they happen to be females.

Census 2001 shows that during the 1991- 2001 decade the overall sex ratio increased from 927 per 1,000 to 933 per 1,000. But during the same decade the child sex ration (0-6 years) dropped from 945 to 927, while the sex ratio in the 7+age group increased from 923 to 935.

The problem of declining sex ration cannot be viewed only in terms of numbers. Studies should be conducted to look at the reasons be­hind decision to abort and neglect baby girls.

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Some of the studies shows that juvenile sex ration (0-6 years) has been dropped from 945 (1991 census) to /896 (2001 census). This juvenile sex- ratio (0-6 years) is the most realistic indicator of trends in female feticide and continuing dis­crimination against the girl child.

The reasons behind the mistreatment of girls crosses the spectrum of Indian regions, economic classes and castes and are due to a complex mix of economic social and cultural factors.

Declining sex ratio is the reflection of the in­trinsic flow in our social system, which has to be taken into consideration and addressed. This shows that government has to take measure to curb this decline in sex ratio.

For that, government gives education to girl child, encourages people not to go for female feti­cide. Many state governments have implemented programmes for girl’s child development, to con­trol female feticide.

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Even government of India has also introduced the nutritional programmes for both mother and the child.

Government starts programmes to empower the women. Takes care of health of the women and the child.

As a woman constitutes half of the popula­tion of the country, if they are discriminated, then it will have affected on the country’s development. Therefore, if country starts taking care of women, then it will have affect of social development.

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